Earth Culture of Origin
Babylonian - Chaldaean
Alternate Names / Spellings
Omoroka, Thalath, Thalassa, Tiamat
The moon goddess, personified the sea, the divine water, the reflection of wisdom from on high.
The sea or divine water
Earth Mythological References
FRAGMENTS OF CHALDÆAN HISTORY, BEROSSUS: FROM ALEXANDER POLYHISTOR:
"BEROSSUS, in the first book of his history of Babylonia, informs us that he lived in the age of Alexander the son of Philip. And he mentions that there were written accounts, preserved at Babylon with the greatest care, comprehending a period of above fifteen myriads of years: and that these writings contained histories of the heaven and of the sea; of the birth of mankind; and of the kings, and of the memorable actions which they had achieved.
He wrote of Omoroca:
- There was a time in which there existed nothing but darkness and an abyss of waters, wherein resided most hideous beings, which were produced of a two-fold principle. There appeared men, some of whom were furnished with two wings, others with four, and with two faces. They had one body but two heads: the one that of a man, the other of a woman: and likewise in their several organs both male and female.
- Other human figures were to be seen with the legs and horns of goats: some had horses' feet: while others united the hind quarters of a horse with the body of a man, resembling in shape the hippocentaurs. Bulls likewise were bred there with the heads of men; and dogs with fourfold bodies, terminated in their extremities with the tails of fishes: horses also with the heads of dogs: men too and other animals, with the heads and bodies of horses and the tails of fishes.
- In short, there were creatures in which were combined the limbs of every species of animals. In addition to these, fishes, reptiles, serpents, with other monstrous animals, which assumed each other's shape and countenance. Of all which were preserved delineations in the temple of Belus at Babylon.
- The person, who presided over them, was a woman named Omoroca; which in the Chaldæan language is Thalatth; in Greek Thalassa, the sea; but which might equally be interpreted the Moon. All things being in this situation, Belus came, and cut the woman asunder: and of one half of her he formed the earth, and of the other half the heavens; and at the same time destroyed the animals within her.
All this (he says) was an allegorical description of nature. For, the whole universe consisting of moisture, and animals being continually generated therein, the deity above-mentioned took off his own head: upon which the other gods mixed the blood, as it gushed out, with the earth; and from thence were formed men. On this account it is that they are rational, and partake of divine knowledge."
In Babylonian myths, Tiamat (linked to Omoroca) is a huge, bloated female dragon that personifies the saltwater ocean, the water of Chaos. She is also the primordial mother of all that exists, including the gods themselves. Her consort is Apsu, the personification of the freshwater abyss that lies beneath the Earth. From their union, saltwater with freshwater, the first pair of gods were born. They are Lachmu and Lachamu, parents of Ansar and Kisar, grandparents of Anu and Ea.
In the creation epic Enuma elish, written around 2000 BCE, their descendants started to irritate Tiamat and Apsu so they decided to kill their offspring. Ea discovered their plans and he managed to kill Apsu while the latter was asleep. Tiamat flew into a rage when she learned about Apsu's death and wanted to avenge her husband. She created an army of monstrous creatures, which was to be led by her new consort Kingu, who is also her son. Eventually, Tiamat was defeated by the young god Marduk, who was born in the deep freshwater sea.
Marduk cleaved her body in half, and from the upper half he created the sky and from the lower half he made the earth. From her water came forth the clouds and her tears became the source of the Tigris and the Euphratus. Kingu also perished, and from his blood Marduk created the first humans.
The first mention of Omoroca is in the episode, 1.13 "Fire and Water":
In a history written by Berossus during the time of Alexander the Great, Belus conquered Babylonia. Omoroca, an amphibious, technologically advanced Oannes female, left behind her mate Nem on their volcanic desert world of Oannes to go to Earth in order to help humanity overthrow Goa’uld rule and free themselves from enslavement. She battled Belus, a Goa'uld leading a people who believed their god found pleasure, as they did, in every agony inflicted on their foes.
Nem, knowing only that his mate had travelled to Babylon to battle the Goa'uld Belus, lived alone for four thousand years, uncertain of Omoroca's fate. When he encountered SG-1, and found Teal'c and his symbiote among them, Nem believed that Omoroca had failed. It is during his interrogations of Daniel Jackson that Nem learns Omoroca succeeded in freeing the people of Earth. Daniel tells Nem that they owe her a great debt of gratitude and that because of her, humanity had grown to be a civilisation which rivalled that of the Goa'uld.
Daniel's memories are fleeting and fragmented. He agrees to allow Nem to use his memory technology on him and tells all he ever knew of Omoroca:
- "And in that place there was Omoroca, a woman who came forth from the heavenly egg, who walked among men by day, but at night, she would retreat to the Great Sea to sleep, one of the beings called Oannes. The god Belus came down unto Babylon, unto the place of Omoroca, and he cut the woman asunder."
Nem had been alone for four thousand years and he mourned the loss of his beloved mate in grief and rage.
Though Stargate has never clearly stated a link between Marduk and Belus, the Oannes woman Omoroca was identified with the goddess Tiamat in Babylonian myth, which gives her strong links to the Babylonian god Bel-Marduk. This particularly brutal Goa'uld was imprisoned and punished by his own priests. Marduk was first discovered by a covert Russian Stargate team, who found he had been buried alive in sarcophagus with an alien flesh eating creature.
SG-1, accompanied by a second Russian team, went into the ziggurat in which Marduk had been imprisoned by his priests in order to rescue the missing covert team, while the Russians accompanying them were in pursuit of the fabled and powerful artefact the Eye of Tiamat. (5.08 "The Tomb") It is a reasonable conclusion that Belus was Marduk and that he obtained the Eye after defeating Omoroca, who was also known as Tiamat.
Sadly, the writers of "The Tomb" did not refer back to Omoroca, Nem, and the events of "Fire and Water".
The Eye of Tiamat was mentioned in the episode, 6.22 "Full Circle", when Daniel told Jack that Anubis was seeking the Eye of Ra on Abydos. This Eye, when combined with five others, including the Eye of Tiamat, would increase the power of a weapon powered by them by tenfold. Anubis had been successful in locating the other Eyes and was searching for the Eye of Ra to complete his set.
--Adapted from the lexicon by: DeeKayP 16:06, 13 Oct 2004 (PDT)