Anthropologists ask such basic questions as: When, where, and how did humans evolve? How do people adapt to different environments? How have societies developed and changed from the ancient past to the present? Answers to these questions can help us understand what it means to be human. They can also help us to learn ways to meet the present-day needs of people all over the world and to plan how we might live in the future. (MSN Encarta Online Encyclopedia).
The SGC assigns anthropologists to SG teams which have extensive contact with the natives of planets they visit through the stargate. These scientists may be either military or civilian. One of Dr. Daniel Jackson's Ph.D.'s is in Anthropology.